Orthodontics & Orthopedics
If you have tender or bleeding gums, chances are you have Periodontitis, otherwise known as, gum disease. It’s a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue, and without proper treatment, can destroy the bone supporting your teeth. This can lead to bone loss which can lead to loose teeth and eventually tooth loss.
Gum disease has stages of development: the earliest stage is gingivitis, which causes irritation, redness and swelling of the gums. Bleeding gums while brushing is a major symptom of gingivitis. Although the gums may be irritated, the tooth is still strongly intact in their sockets. Over time, if not treated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis.
When this happens, the inner layer of the gums and the bone starts to pull away from the teeth and begins to form small pockets. These small pockets collect food debris, causing infections and irritation. These toxins and the good enzymes in the body begin to fight and break down the bone and connective tissues that hold the teeth in place. As this continues, the bone and the gum deteriorates even more, causing the tooth to lose its place.
The causes of gum disease include:
- Poor oral hygiene.
- Hormonal changes.
Depending on the seriousness of your gum disease, our top-rated dentists can treat you using a variety of methods including scaling and root planing. Other times, if the periodontitis is mild, our dentists can prescribe medication such as Peridex mouthwash and antibiotics.